Brain Injuries

Waldorf Brain Injury Attorneys

The Representation You Need from a Team You Can Trust

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are some of the most devastating, life-altering injuries a person can experience. Even relatively minor brain injuries can still have serious, long-lasting effects. Unfortunately, brain injuries are not uncommon and, worse still, they are often caused by negligence.

If you or your loved one suffered a brain injury and you believe someone else is liable, contact the Waldorf brain injury lawyers at the Farmer & Klopfer. With over 40 years of experience and a proven track record of success, our award-winning legal team is prepared to aggressively advocate for you and your recovery.

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Common Causes of Traumatic Brain Injuries

While any serious accident or catastrophic event can lead to a serious head or brain injury, the most common causes of traumatic brain injuries include:

  • Falls: Slip and falls, trip and falls, falls from heights/to lower levels, and falls from various structures are among the leading causes of head and brain injuries in the U.S. These types of accidents can occur at home, in the workplace, or on public or private property, and they most commonly involve young children and older adults.
  • Motor Vehicle Accidents: Traumatic brain injuries are commonly caused by serious motor vehicle accidents, including collisions involving passenger cars, pickup trucks, SUVs, motorcycles, large trucks and commercial vehicles, rideshares (Uber, Lyft, etc.), and vehicles colliding with pedestrians and bicyclists.
  • Violence: Another leading cause of head injuries and traumatic brain injuries in the United States is violence. This includes intentional infliction of injury, as well as criminal acts such as assault, domestic violence, and more. Gunshot wounds and knife wounds are commonly involved in devastating head and brain injuries.
  • Sports and Recreation Accidents: Many head and brain injuries result from sports-related accidents, including youth sports accidents, as well as recreational incidents, such as ATV collisions and rollovers, swimming and diving accidents, boating accidents, and other related injury-causing events.

Understanding the cause of a head or brain injury is important, as it often helps our attorneys identify who is liable. For example, if you suffered a severe TBI in an automobile accident, the person or party who caused the crash could be legally responsible for your damages. If your loved one suffered permanent impairment due to an act of violence, our firm can work to hold the perpetrator accountable in a civil lawsuit.

Types of Brain Injuries

Brain injuries range in type and severity; however, all head and brain injuries are serious. If you suspect you or a loved one may have sustained a head or brain injury in any type of accident, seek prompt medical attention as soon as possible.

At the Farmer & Klopfer, we have represented victims of all types of brain injuries, including:

  • Concussions
  • Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs)
  • Closed-head injuries
  • Penetrating brain injuries/skull fractures
  • Diffuse axonal injuries
  • Contusions
  • Coup-contrecoup injuries
  • Loss of oxygen

Depending on the severity of the injury, victims could face extensive (and costly) medical treatment, loss of cognitive function, and the inability to return to work, not to mention immense physical and emotional suffering. In short, brain injuries place an incredible burden on victims and their families. The Farmer & Klopfer can help.


Contact us today at (301) 265-2220for a free consultation. If we don’t recover compensation on your behalf, you don’t pay a dime. 

Compensation for Brain Injuries

Significant head injuries and traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) can leave victims and their families struggling to cope with immense physical, emotional, and financial challenges. When someone else was to blame for your or your loved one’s injury, you should not have to simply deal with these hardships on your own. By filing a personal injury claim or lawsuit against the liable party, you can seek fair financial compensation for your damages.

In most TBI cases, victims can seek compensation for two types of damages:

  • Economic Damages: These are losses that have a specific dollar value, such as medical bills or the value of lost income/wages.
  • Non-Economic Damages: These are intangible losses that are harder to quantify, such as pain and suffering, as well as emotional distress and trauma.

Less often, victims may also be entitled to punitive (or exemplary) damages. Unlike the compensatory damages outlined above, punitive damages are not meant to compensate victims of negligence for specific economic or non-economic losses. Rather, the purpose of seeking punitive damages is to hold the at-fault party accountable for egregious negligence, willful or wanton misconduct, or intentional infliction of injury.

Depending on the specific details of your case, you may be entitled to compensation for the following damages:

  • Emergency medical care costs
  • Ambulance/emergency transportation fees
  • Hospitalization
  • Diagnostic testing and analysis
  • Surgeries and other medical treatments
  • Medications
  • Medical equipment/devices
  • Rehabilitation (cognitive and/or physical)
  • Ongoing and future medical expenses
  • Pain and suffering
  • Diminished quality of life
  • Counseling/therapy costs
  • Treatment of mental health disorders
  • Lost income, wages, and other earnings
  • Diminished earning capacity
  • Disability
  • Loss of future expected earnings

Our Waldorf traumatic brain injury lawyers can discuss the specifics of your situation and provide more information regarding the potential value of your TBI claim during a free, no-obligation consultation.

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    Mr. Farmer and his team were impressive through their work effort and detailed approach in every phase the Civil Court Personal Injury case. They also were responsive to any questions/concerns, supportive and communicated well through out the process. In the end, a satisfactory settlement was achieved. Mr. Farmer would be a wise choice for anyone pursuing legal justice and/or a defense.

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    “James Farmer and his team exceeded all expectations! I had a very serious criminal case and his firm was recommended to me by a family member. I was incarcerated during this time and he and his associate Stephanie came to update me on multiple occasions on the progress of my case. They were not only professional but the amount of time and energy they put into my case showed me true dedication that goes far beyond a paycheck! They prepared for trial, but in the end was able to work out a plea deal that did not include any jail time. I couldn’t have asked for a better attorney. I highly recommend Mr. Farmer and his team for any criminal case!”

What Are the Signs & Symptoms of a Traumatic Brain Injury?

The signs and symptoms of a traumatic brain injury vary somewhat from person to person. They also depend on the type of TBI, as well as the severity of the injury.

That being said, some of the most common physical and cognitive (mental) signs of a traumatic brain injury include:

  • Confusion/disorientation
  • Lack of coordination
  • Memory loss
  • Inability to remember the accident
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Persistent or worsening headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea (with or without vomiting)
  • Dilated pupils (one or both eyes)
  • Seizures
  • Convulsions
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Blurred vision
  • Fluid draining from the ears or nose
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Inability to awaken from sleep
  • Changes in sleeping patterns (including new insomnia)
  • Numbness/weakness, particularly in the extremities
  • Unusual changes in mood or behavior
  • Increased irritability
  • Agitation
  • Slurred speech/difficulty talking
  • Coma

If you or someone else suffered a suspected head injury or is displaying any of these symptoms (or others), seek immediate medical attention. All rain injuries are serious and should be treated promptly by a qualified medical provider.


For a complimentary case evaluation, contact us online or call (301) 265-2220. We are able to come to you if your injuries prevent you from traveling to our office. 

Brain Injury FAQ

How are brain injuries diagnosed?

The first step in diagnosing a potential brain injury is a test known as the “Glasgow Coma Scale.” This test checks a person’s ability to answer questions, speak coherently, and follow directions and is used to initially assess the severity of the injury. Doctors also commonly use a variety of imaging tests to assess a brain injury, including computerized tomography (CT) scans and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In some cases, doctors may need to assess the degree of pressure (if any) inside the skull, which can cause injury (or further injury) to the brain.

What is the difference between an anoxic and hypoxic brain injury?

An anoxic brain injury occurs when oxygen to the brain is completely cut off. This typically results in irreversible damage and brain cell death within four minutes. In contrast, a hypoxic brain injury occurs when the oxygen supply is significantly reduced but not entirely stopped. This leads to gradual brain cell death and significant damage over time.

How long do I have to file a brain injury lawsuit?

In Maryland, you generally have three years from the date of injury to file a personal injury lawsuit. However, in some cases, the deadline to file may not begin until the date the injury was discovered or reasonably could have been discovered. In other words, if you suffered a brain injury after falling and hitting your head, but you did not know that you had a brain injury until a month later when you sought treatment for worsening symptoms, you may have three years from the date of the diagnosis to file a lawsuit against the liable party. We encourage you to get in touch with our brain injury lawyers at the Law Offices of James E. Farmer, LLC to learn more.

Get a Free Case Review

The Waldorf brain injury attorneys at the Farmer & Klopfer utilize an aggressive approach when it comes to fighting for victims of catastrophic injuries, such as TBIs and other brain injuries.

Remember, the liable insurance party is not on your side. We advise you to refrain from speaking to any insurance claims adjusters until you have first spoken to a qualified attorney about your legal rights and options. Insurance adjusters will often try to settle claims for far less than what victims are owed. But our attorneys are well-versed in the lifetime costs of brain injuries. We know how to fight for the maximum recovery you are owed, and our track record of success proves that we know how to win.

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